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Evolutionary assembled neural networks for making medical decisions with minimal regret: Application for predicting advanced bladder cancer outcome. Expert Systems With Applications

Research Area: Biomedicinski inzenjering Year: 2014
Type of Publication: Article Keywords: Bladder cancer; Expert systems; Artificial Neural Network; Genetic Algorithms; Regret Theory
Authors:
  • Vukicevic, Arso
  • Jovicic, Gordana
  • Stojadinovic, Miroslav
  • Prelevic, Rade
  • Filipovic, Nenad
Journal: Expert Systems with Applications Volume: 41
Number: 18 Pages: 8092–8100
Month: 12
ISSN: 0957-4174
Journal's impact factor: 1.97
BibTex:
Abstract:
Development of reliable medical decision support systems has been the subject of many studies among which Artificial Neural Networks (ANNs) gained increasing popularity and gave promising results. However, wider application of ANNs in clinical practice remains limited due to the lack of a standard and intuitive procedure for their configuration and evaluation which is traditionally a slow process depending on human experts. The principal contribution of this study is a novel procedure for obtaining ANN predictive models with high performances. In order to reach those considerations with minimal user effort, optimal configuration of ANN was performed automatically by Genetic Algorithms (GA). The only two user dependent tasks were selecting data (input and output variables) and evaluation of ANN threshold probability with respect to the Regret Theory (RT). The goal of the GA optimization was reaching the best prognostic performances relevant for clinicians: correctness, discrimination and calibration. After optimally configuring ANNs with respect to these criteria, the clinical usefulness was evaluated by the RT Decision Curve Analysis. The method is initially proposed for the prediction of advanced bladder cancer (BC) in patients undergoing radical cystectomy, due to the fact that it is clinically relevant problem with profound influence on health care. Testing on the data of the ten years cohort study, which included 183 evaluable patients, showed that soft max activation functions and good calibration were the most important for obtaining reliable BC predictive models for the given dataset. Extensive analysis and comparison with the solutions commonly used in literature showed that better prognostic performances were achieved while user-dependency was significantly reduced. It is concluded that presented procedure represents a suitable, robust and user-friendly framework with potential to have wide applications and influence in further development of health care decision support systems.
[Bibtex]